Landfill sites exist globally and have different designs to dispose of waste. Some sites practice “land raising”, which refers to putting rubbish directly on the ground. Other sites practice “land filling”, which refers to filling a hole in the ground with rubbish.
The purpose of a landfill is to designate space for waste to decompose. In the past, landfill sites were unmonitored, which resulted in contamination and disease-carrying pests.
However, landfills are now properly regulated by waste management staff who have steps in place to ensure waste is disposed of safely.